每日更新 - 土耳其 The Daily Update - Turkey

上周政变企图失败后,昨天标普将土耳其的主权信用评级从BB +调低至BB,补充说,前景也变得黯淡。在降级声明中,该评级机构表示“继土耳其共和国7月15日的未遂政变后,我们认为土耳其的政治格局两极分化会进一步削弱其体制制衡”, 并补充“此外,未来一段时间内,土耳其市场的不可预测性将大幅提高,这可能大大限制外资流入土耳其靠举外债经营的杠杆经济。”

根据标普,土耳其大约有1700亿美元外债必须在未来12个月内偿还。考虑到这一点,该机构补充道:“其负面前景让我们认为,如果土耳其国内不稳定的政局进一步恶化投资环境,其经济、财政和债务指标的恶化程度有可能大大超出我们的预期,而这有可能加剧土耳其财政的收支平衡压力。

随着昨天的信用降级,土耳其总统埃尔多安宣布为期3个月的紧急状态。该紧急状态仅比军事管制略微温和。紧急状态实施期间,个人的自由权利必要时可以被剥夺,部长理事会发布的法令具有法律效力。但鉴于周末的紧张事态,为期三个月的紧急状态声明似乎并不未过-既没有军事管制严酷,持续时间也没有过长(最长为六个月)。

继土耳其政府持续镇压上周五政变的可疑支持者后,这一切接踵而来。到目前为止,据土耳其媒体报道,15,200名教师以及近1,600名大学院长遭辞,逾10,200名内部和财务人员也失去了工作。即使在总理办公室,离职人数也近260人。早在上述的一系列解雇事件之前,就有多达20,000名警察、军人和法官“罹难”——要么被解雇、要么被停职,要么被逮捕。

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