每日新闻更新 - 中国19次党代会 The Daily Update - China’s 19th national communist party congress

昨天,中国第19次党代会闭幕,标志着习近平主席作为党总书记的第二个任期正式开始(可能会有第三个!)另外,自上世纪80年代邓小平的改革和“中国特色社会主义理论”修订加入党章之后,习近平在本次也一致性地获得了将其同名理论加入了党章。不管“习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想”看上去怎样,只有时间才能说明一切。但是,除了进一步增加自身的权力,也不可避免地表达了追求更平衡的经济发展。

关于在人口和地域上实现更平衡的发展,这是一个很重要的问题。它标志着习近平现在更有能力面对既有的特权精英,中国现在必须超越“先富带动后富”的局限。反腐行动将继续,对中西部地区的特别关注有助于解决边远省份的困难。新一届政治局和政治局常委必将在各方面辅助习近平。

今天公布了政治局7位常委,他们分别是:习近平、李克强、栗战书、王沪宁、赵乐际、汪洋和韩正。新一届常委有几位在预料之中,例如李克强和栗战书。但他们所有人都与习近平年龄相仿,这不禁让人猜测——习没有提名任何潜在继任者。这一不符合常规的举动打破了过去30年继任流程的可预测性,除非预测习本人在2022年后会再任5年。

习近平的反腐干将王岐山今年已69岁,达到了默认的退休年龄,现由赵乐际接手这一重要职务。即使王岐山留任,也是当之无愧的。另外,如果王岐山留任,就更能说明习近平在第二个任期结束后会再任五年,因为到第二个任期结束时,习正好也是69岁。习进一步加强对中央军事委员会(现在只有7个成员)以及人民解放军的影响管控力,这让他能继续在军队中进行反腐。

习主席指出:“创新是主要的发展驱动力,是建设现代社会的战略基础”,强调需要通过增强工业创业和经济改革来加强经济发展。毫无疑问,这包括继续降低国际投资者的进入门槛,并在新产业中进行创新:包括工程、航天、数字、基因等各个领域。随着阿里巴巴、百度、小米、华为、腾讯、微博等企业的影响力增大,还有很多行业中国没有在世界舞台上有所作为。随着跨国企业不断进入有利可图的中国市场,世界将看到下一个中国东风(上汽?)、中国耐克(李宁?)、中国波音(中国商飞?)进入全球消费者的视野。在所有不确定中,未来5-10年中国一定会越来越国际化,产生越来越大的影响力。全世界将期待见证习主席的计划逐步实现。

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