每日新闻更新 - 加泰罗尼亚独立公投 The Daily Update - Catalonia’s referendum

加泰罗尼亚公投以压倒性多数投票赞成独立,今天上午西班牙首相Rajoy迎来了利比里亚半岛最大的宪法危机。根据加泰罗尼亚地区政府发言人Jordi Turull,昨天近230万加泰罗尼亚人(42%为合法投票人)有90%投票支持从西班牙独立。马德里宣布公投不合宪,禁止投票,随后发生了暴力冲突,西班牙警方没收了部分投票箱,被没收部分的投票未列入统计。据报道,有近850名平民和33名警察在冲突中受伤。加泰罗尼亚地区领导人Carles Puigdemont在投票结果宣布后发表讲话说:“在这一充满希望和苦难的一天,加泰罗尼亚人赢得了成立独立共和国的权利,我的政府将在未来几天内将投票结果呈送至加泰罗尼亚议会,在那里按照公投法实现我们人民的主权。”

加泰罗尼亚公投也许是西班牙首相Rajoy的少数政府面临的最糟糕的局面。在投票结束后的国家电视节目中Rajoy说“公投结果只会严重伤害西班牙人”,他不会对任何对话敞开大门。

投票结果是对本届西班牙少数政府的巨大考验,其他欧盟国家将密切关注。如果加泰罗尼亚在未来几天宣布独立,西班牙政府可能会通过宪法强制取消加泰罗尼亚的自治权。希望能通过和平方式解决,但即使进行对话,也将充满担忧和危险。

上周五在投票前评级机构标普保持了三月份对西班牙主权的信用评级:投资级BBB+(积极)。然而,它也提到了加泰罗尼亚与马德里之间的紧张局势如果不得到解决,将严重影响经济发展。标普一位发言人警告称:“如果目前西班牙中央政府与加泰罗尼亚地方政府的紧张局势恶化,并影响商业信心和投资,减少未来政策反应的可预期性,那么我们可能将西班牙的前景调整为稳定。”

有意思的是,昨天巴塞罗那足球俱乐部关门对阵拉斯帕尔马斯队,之前该俱乐部因公投抗议而希望推迟赛事。但如果巴塞罗那不继续该赛事,将被扣6分,因此在比赛前20分钟才决定在空荡的诺坎普球场进行比赛。在热身时,巴塞罗那球员身穿黄红条纹衬衫,这也是象征着加泰罗尼亚独立的非官方旗帜的颜色。拉斯帕尔马斯队球员则身穿绣有西班牙国旗的足球衫。巴塞罗那对以3-0轻松获胜。

如果形势不至于太严重,英国工党领袖Jeremy Corbyn认为首相特蕾莎梅应该介入,“为这场危机寻找政治解决方案”。好一幅场景:西班牙首相Rajoy喊停,然后电话咨询英国首相关于谈判的艺术!!

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