每日新闻更新 西班牙/意大利地区公投 The Daily Update - Spain / Italy regional referendums

在西班牙1970年代民主转型以来的这场最大的政治危机中,西班牙首相马里亚诺宣布计划在周末取消加泰罗尼亚议会,并剥夺加泰罗尼亚的自治权,直接由马德里管控。在这位首相提议的建议之下,西班牙政府将祭出宪法第155条,“如果自治政府严重影响危害了西班牙的整体利益,中央政府可以采取一切必要措施保护以上提及的利益”。启动第155条有助于实现政府的四大目标:恢复加泰罗尼亚的常态和共存,回归法制,继续该地区的经济复苏,在正常条件下进行选举。

西班牙外交部长Alfonso Dastis告诉BBC说“我们正在建立权威机构,他们将根据加泰罗尼亚法律和规则管理加泰罗尼亚的日常事务。”他还敦促说,一旦马德里直接接管,加泰罗尼亚人应忽视目前的地区权威部门,包括警力。“他们将不会有任何合法权威,因此他们相当于一群叛乱者,试图将自己的独裁强加在加泰罗尼亚人身上。”他还补充说,一旦由尊重并支持加泰罗尼亚和西班牙规则的人民控制了该地区的警力,“一切都会好起来”。

加泰罗尼亚主席Carles Puigdemont在周六同上百万人一同在巴塞罗那抗议,支持该地区走向独立。他职责马德里对加泰罗尼亚人的羞辱。“加泰罗尼亚机构和加泰罗尼亚人民不接受这一攻击,那些蔑视加泰罗尼亚的人现在想统治我们。我将要求议会决定如何应对这些对民主的攻击,并作出相应的行动”。他补充说,“正在对加泰罗尼亚所做的是对民主的直接见他,这打开了在其他地方进行类似伤害的大门。”

当西班牙在努力阻止加泰罗尼亚搞分裂的同时,意大利两个最富有的北方地区也通过公投以压倒性要求获得更大自治权利。然而,同加泰罗尼亚公投被视为非法不同,意大利两个地区的公投符合宪法要求,尽管不受罗马的约束。Lombardy和Veneto这两个地区曾经被视为分裂主义者。Lombardy的投票率为40%,Veneto的投票率为57%。这两个地区占了意大利经济的30%。多年来,两个地区一直抱怨他们的税收被罗马浪费,抱怨政府提供的低劣公共服务以及对意大利南部较贫穷地区的偏向支持。

然而,大多数的支持分裂投票再次解开了意大利在19世纪统一之前的旧伤。2015年,《经济学人》发表了一份关于意大利南北差异的报告,一些数据非常惊人。在接近95万意大利中2007-2014年间失业人口有70%来自南方。南方的人口就业率仅为40%,低于欧盟的任何国家,女性就业比例仅为33%,甚至低于希腊。2014年失业率接近22%。更严重的是,年轻人正大批离开意大利。2001年至2013年,超过70万人移居到北方,其中70%的年龄在15到34岁,25%为大学毕业生。也许这只是开始,因为根据意大利统计机构lstat的报告,未来5年意大利420万南部居民可能移居到北方或国外,这相当于人口的20%。

Please read this important information before proceeding. It contains legal and regulatory notices relevant to the information on this site.

This website provides information about Stratton Street Capital LLP ("Stratton Street"). Stratton Street is authorised and regulated by the UK's Financial Conduct Authority. The content of this website has been prepared by Stratton Street from its records and is believed to be accurate but we do not accept any liability or responsibility in respect of the information of any views expressed herein. The information, material and content provided in the pages of this website may be changed at any time by us. Information on this website may be out of date and may not be updated or removed.

The website is provided for the main purpose of providing generic information on Stratton Street and on our investment philosophy for the use of financial professionals in the United Kingdom that qualify as Professional Clients or Eligible Counterparties under the rules of the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority (the "FCA"). The information in this website is not intended for the use of and should not be relied on by any person who would qualify as a Retail Client. Products and services referred to on this website are offered only at times when, and in jurisdictions where, they may be lawfully offered. The information on this website is not directed to any person in the United States. The provision of the information on this website does not constitute an offer to purchase securities to any person in the United States (other than a professional fiduciary acting for the account of a non-U.S person) or to any U.S. person as such term is defined under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

The website is not intended to offer investors the opportunity to invest in any Alternative Investment Fund ("AIF") product. The AIFs managed by Stratton Street are not being marketed in the European Economic Area ("EEA") and any eligible potential investor from the EEA who wishes to obtain information on the AIFs will only be provided with materials upon receipt by Stratton Street of an appropriate reverse solicitation request in accordance with the requirements of the EU Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive ("AIFMD") and national law in their home jurisdiction. By proceeding you confirm that you are not accessing this website in the context of a potential investment by an EEA investor in the AIFs managed by Stratton Street and that you have read, understood and agree to these terms.

No information contained in this website should be deemed to constitute the provision of financial, investment or other professional advice in any way. The website should not be relied upon as including sufficient information to support any investment decision. If you are in doubt as to the appropriate course of action we recommend that you consult your own independent financial adviser, stockbroker, solicitor, accountant or other professional adviser. Past performance is not necessarily a guide to the future. The value of investments and the income from them may go down as well as up. An application for any investment or service referred to on this site may only be made on the basis of the offer document, key features, prospectus or other applicable terms relating to the specific investment or service.

Where we provide hypertext links to other locations on the Internet, we do so for information purposes only. We are not responsible for the content of any other websites or pages linked to or linking to this website. We have not verified the content of any such websites. Such websites may contain products and services that are not authorised in your jurisdiction. Following links to any other websites or pages shall be at your own risk and we shall not be responsible or liable for any damages or in other way in connection with linking.

By using this site, you should be aware that we may disclose any information that we hold about you to any regulatory authority to which we are subject, or to any person legally empowered to require such information.

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, by clicking the "I Accept" button below means you consent to the use of cookies on our website.