每日新闻更新 - 自动驾驶汽车 The Daily Update - Autonomous vehicles


戴姆勒型号为Freightliner Inspiration的卡车成为全球首辆获得审核的自动驾驶商用卡车,可在美国公共高速公路上行使,这让卡车司机的噩梦离现实更近了一步。目前,戴姆勒卡车属于Level 3级别的自动驾驶车辆,这意味着它可以在高速公路驾驶员模式下,在美国高速公路上行驶。然而,它还需要一位驾驶员处理驾驶过程的其他事情。九月份,美国众议院一致通过一项推进无人驾驶汽车的法案,并禁止各州阻碍自动驾驶车辆的发展。然而,这一措施仅适用于价值在10000英镑以上的车辆,目前不包括大型商用卡车。如果汽车制造商可以证明其自动驾驶汽车同人工驾驶车辆一样安全,按照该计划的阶段性要求,每位制造商即可在第一年销售15000辆无人驾驶车辆,头三年最多销售80000辆,从第4年开始不再有销售上限。

使该法案将车辆限定在价值10000英镑以上的范围,是国际卡车司机协会联盟争取的结果。该联盟有140万会员,包括60万卡车司机。James P. Hoffa担任该协会会长长达18年,他“很担心高速公路安全问题,还有就业问题,认为我们在一个非常非常有战略性的领域内迈步太快,我们必须确保所做的一切是正确的,因为这涉及到生命安全。”Hoffa表示该协会并非要阻碍技术进步,“很显然,我们不能阻止进步,但车辆不是小玩意,它涉及到安全问题,这跟通用汽车的生产线不是一回事。”说到安全问题,他的言论有待商榷,毕竟美国94%的撞车事件是由于人的失误。如果抹去这个庞大额数据,每年道路死亡人数就可以大幅度减少35000。


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