每日新闻更新 - 英格兰银行/工党 The Daily Update - BoE / Labour party

在英国工党发布的一份报告中,独立咨询公司GFC Economics建议英格兰银行将部分部门从伦敦迁到英国的其他大城市。方案计划在伯明翰设立英国银行,在贝尔法斯特、格拉斯哥和卡迪夫设立办事处,这意味着全球第二古老的中央银行以及伦敦市自1734年以来将第一次失去了英国金融中心的地位。

根据该报告显示,在过去10年中,英国从信息技术到制造业的投资远落后于其他欧洲国家,工党认为将央行的一部分迁出伦敦能逆转这一局势,并可降低地区不平等。影子内阁大臣John McDonnell认为,“这份重要的报告清楚地传达了这样一个信息:我们的金融系统没有为全国提供充分的投资资金,高科技行业和未来汲取的企业未能得到充分投资。在保守党的执政下,我们看到越来越多的投资流入房地产投机领域,而高科技企业严重缺乏亟需的资金,研发支出远落后于其他国家。”

该报告的作者Graham Turner给出了严肃的警告,指出除非英国开始投资,否则不仅将远落后于欧洲,也会落后于全球发展。“自动化和科技变革的步伐正在加速,威胁着既有业务模式,形成了具有频繁破坏性特征的经济样态。作为处于英国金融系统中心的央行,英格兰银行必须发挥积极的引导作用,确保银行帮助英国企业进行创新。资金流分析显示,银行正在把资金转移出对英国未来至关重要的企业。目前存在一个风险:伦敦和东南部的科技企业的数量不成比例的趋势将增加,地区不平等正在加剧。政府要发挥关键作用来解决这些薄弱领域,但这需要坚定的决心和有战略性的行动。”

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