每日更新 - 瑞士税投票 The Daily Update - Swiss tax vote

在周末,瑞士公众拒绝改革公司税制结构计划,这样以来,瑞士政府再度头疼如何取消跨国公司的超低税率,而避免造成大规模的外流。政府已经表示承诺取消各州给予跨国公司的优惠税率;由于与经合组织税务规则相冲突,它们被定义为控股和国内公司。拥有这种身份的公司研发支出占瑞士支出总额的一半以上,其雇用员工超过15万人。该笔支出相当于瑞士政府收到的所有公司税收收入的大约一半。

在投票之前,民意调查表明,结果势均力敌,但最终超过59%的选民反对该计划。瑞士财政部长乌力·毛勒认为,公司可能因为投票而减少投资,甚至完全离开瑞士。直到2019年,政府会一直试图找到解决这个问题的办法,现在再次把问题交给人民。多年来,瑞士由于面向跨国公司给予特别税务法规而遭受欧盟和经合组织指责;因为该税务法规在人们看来令瑞士成为一个巨大的避税天堂。

超过24,000家公司在瑞士享有这些吸引人的税率。 2014年,瑞士政府同意经合组织在2019年之前取消对这些公司的特别法规。在此次拒绝之后,原定的最后期限将仍然有效。

拒绝提议的改变的主要观点来自议会中第二大党,社会民主党以及工会,绿党甚至教会领导人。他们都担心,由于削减公共开支和提高个人所得税,公众会首当其冲面临公司税收减少的问题。“保守党打算以傲慢和不逊的态度,反对人民的利益推行税制改革。绿党要求一个具有比例意义的新提案,” 绿党发言人说。

时间对瑞士政府至关重要,然而,乌力·毛勒说,“不可能在一夜之间找到一个解决方案”,相信可能需要长达一年的时间来制定一个新计划,甚至在多年后才能实施计划。

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