每日新闻更新 - 一带一路/石油 The Daily Update - Belt and road initiative / oil

“一带一路”被称为将带来新的全球化黄金时代的百年工程,这项雄伟的计划旨在通过古代贸易之路把中国同世界连接起来。“一带一路”对沿线国家的基础设施进行巨额投资,以此重塑古老的海陆贸易路线。工程涉及的数字让人吃惊:9000亿美元将投到65个国家地区,连接超过60%的世界人口和全球GDP的30%以上,其规模是马歇尔计划的11倍(二战后美国希望通过该计划重建西欧国家经济)。陆上线路将穿过亚洲进入中东,一直进入土耳其,然后向北转向莫斯科,之后再回到欧洲。

昨天,中国国家主席习近平主持了为期两天的一带一路峰会,有25位国家首脑到场,其中包括俄罗斯总统普京,另外IMF行长、联合国秘书长和世界银行行长也都出席。习近平在峰会上明确针对美国总统特朗普偏向保护主义的政策,“我们要改善政策协调,拒绝迫使邻居求乞的政策,这是从全球金融危机中吸取的重要教训,对今天世界经济的发展仍然非常重要,我们要通过开放协作寻求双赢,避免分化,避免设立妨碍合作的抑制性门槛,避免追求排他性的安排,避免保护主义。在一个彼此依赖性越来越强、挑战越来越多的世界,没有任何一个国家可以独自解决挑战和世界问题。”

然而,并不是所有国家都赞同这项计划。该工程的一部分被视为中国针对现已废止的跨太平洋伙伴协议而做出的。一些国家,尤其是西方国家,认为这项计划是中国企图在全球范围扩大其影响力的做法。的确,德国总理默克尔和美国总统特朗普都拒绝参加此次峰会,G7国家只有意大利总理保罗·真蒂洛尼参会。印度和日本也不会加入该计划。印度之所以反对是因为相信没有任何国家会接受一个忽略主权和领土完整这些核心问题的工程,并称该工程只不过是“殖民企业,不久就会以债务和社区破裂收场。”

另外,今天上午世界主要石油生产国同意将减产协议延长至明年三月。俄罗斯和沙特阿拉伯发表联合声明,承诺将“尽一切可能的办法”把库存降至五年平均水平。十天后将举办OPEC的下一次官方会议,预计其他生产国也会同意削减石油产量。

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