每日新闻更新 - 北美自贸协议/糖/英国大选 The Daily Update - NAFTA / Sugar / UK elections

本周早些时候,美国和墨西哥通过了一项避免贸易危机的初步协议,避免对墨西哥糖企征收高达80%的进口关税。尽管该协议旨在为即将开启的北美自贸协定(NAFTA)谈判清除路障,但它也让人相信,未来这些谈判将在系列问题中寻找折中方案。

NAFTA于1994年生效,它让美国糖企可每年从墨西哥免关税进口小份额糖。然而,2006年双方签署了一份理解备忘录,确认在24个月内建立甜味剂自由贸易。然而,根据墨西哥和美国多年的产量记录,在2014年早期就美国糖企呼吁对墨西哥进口施加反津贴和反倾销关税,同年晚些时候,双方就墨西哥糖进口限制问题达成共识,将调查变为倾销政策。

商务部长Wilbur Ross似乎对这个结果很满意,他说“墨西哥已经同意美国工业提出的几乎每项要求,来解决目前系统中的问题,确保美国糖农受到公平对待”。尽管该协议草案仍需要进行细节调整,但美国糖企表示根据其目前形势该协议仍有漏洞会让墨西哥进口商继续向美国市场倾销补贴糖。美国糖协会发言人Phillip Hayes表示“未来几天将与商务部长Ross交谈,讨论是否能有效关闭这些漏洞,这样协议的基本条款不会受到影响,美国农业部也能有效管理糖问题”。Ross表示,花费了很长时间将美国糖行业带到台上,他希望最终议案的敲定只需再等“几天,而不是几星期或几个月”。

今天也是英国大选的日子,有文章指出英国可能回到两党联合执政状态。保守党和工党的票数约占总投票的80%。在过去3次大选中,两个大党的最高合计票数均低于70%,过去11次大选中只有一次略微超过81%(1979年撒切尔夫人凭借43个议会多数席位打败詹姆斯·卡拉汉)。这一趋势同大部分发达国家背道而驰。然而,英国通过退欧投票也许比其他国家更早地解决反建制政治。英国独立党(UKIP)多年来一直呼吁进行投票;关于我们与欧洲关系的民主投票运动几乎每天都在高涨。然而,票投了,人们的心声表达了,UKIP不再有用了,这也是可能回到两党执政的主要原因之一,自由民主党想要就退欧进行二次公投。然而,大部分英国人已经接受了退欧投票结果,关注未来发展。结果?投票有极大不同,但没有一个让工党获胜,截止本文,Sporting Index占了75-87个保守党多数席位。

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