每日新闻更新 - 北美自由贸易协定 The Daily Update - NAFTA

华盛顿的政治不确定性仍在继续,而再过几周到8月16日将进行北美自由贸易协定(NAFTA)谈判。特朗普在去年11月美国总统大选之前承诺要撕毁该协议,现在已经决定重新谈判。然而,由于他认为该协议是“史上最糟糕的贸易协议”,他的出发点也许将大大不同于其他成员国墨西哥和加拿大。

事实上,特朗普对墨西哥比对加拿大更加不满,因为目前的协议让加拿大到美国的年出口额增加一倍,至2780亿美元,而墨西哥对美国的年出口额则会增加六倍。去年美国的产品和服务对墨西哥有630亿美元的逆差,对加拿大则有77亿美元的顺差。

这个协议是在1990年代美国和墨西哥制定的一个贸易类协定,几年前加拿大为保护自己同美国的贸易协定而签署加入。这个协议基本上是协调墨西哥和加拿大同美国的关系,而不是关于三个国家彼此之间的关系。加拿大和墨西哥之间对该协议一直存在争吵。2009年加大那对墨西哥人增加了签证要求,声称墨西哥人的伪造难民申请不断增加,但加拿大提出如果墨西哥取消进口加拿大牛肉的限制,他们就取消在签证上的额外要求。

有趣的是,如果加拿大和墨西哥开始在协议上出现分歧而不是团结在一起,那么他们会争取最有利与自己的协议。组团保险看上去对他们是最好的选择,但随着问题显露、双方决定出卖彼此,那么就可能引发灾难,因为他们的确都有不想跟彼此分享的重要议题。

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