每日新闻更新 - 特朗普与气候变化 The Daily Update - Trump and climate change

最近的几场飓风摧毁了加勒比沿海部分地区以及美国南部几个州,与之相随地,关于特朗普政府对气候变化的立场观点再次被拿上桌面。由于北大西洋和墨西哥湾的海洋水温高于往年,美国国家海洋和大气管理局早已预测到今年的大西洋飓风季(官方公布的时段为6月1日至11月30日)将异于往常,预期将共有19场暴风,其中9场为飓风。而往年平均有11场暴风,包含6场飓风。尽管有这些预测,毕竟最大型的风暴登陆美国已经是12年前的事了,要说在几天之内就会有2个最大型的飓风袭击美国,甚至还会有第三个——飓风荷西(Jose),人们还是持有怀疑态度。

意料之中的是,即使面对这些风暴,美国环境部部长Scott Pruitt仍表示现在不是讨论气候变化的时候。他告诉CNN说,“相较于保护受灾人群或者应对风暴影响,现在把焦点放在风暴的形成原因和结果上是不合时宜的。”然而,来自美国和全球的证据和压力越来越多,我们希望特朗普能开始更严肃地应对气候变化。美国国家环境保护局已经声明,2006-2015年是采用温度记录进行观察以来最热的十年,2015年是全球最热的一年。

众所周知,今年早些时候特朗普让美国退出了《巴黎协议》,指出这是“彰显美国主权”,表示“当选为总统代表的是美国人而不是巴黎人”。特朗普试图更改该协议,但被告知该协议绝无重新谈判的可能。美国是继中国之后第二大的碳排放国家,但正如我们前期文章所讲的,中国在可再生资源领域投入了大量资金,不但要弥补在该领域短版,并且志在成为该领域的领导者。另外,周末报告显示,中国政府正寻求在未来十年禁售柴油车和汽油车。本田汽车也于本周末宣布该公司正在开发专门针对中国市场的电动车,预期将于明年上市。

可再生能源在英国也有发展。今天上午,离岸风力发电厂将以历史最低电价开工建设。风力发电厂期望最低价格能保证在每兆瓦时(MWh)70-80英镑。然而,据报道,将于2022-2023年建成的两家离岸风力发电厂所获得的电价为每兆瓦时57.5英镑。这个价格相当于两年前新建离岸风力发电厂所获价格的50%,比欣克利角新建核电站所获保证电价低38%。同欣克利角不同的是,离岸风力发电厂开发商必须在最低电价储备拍卖中进行竞争。根据英国能源部部长Richard Harrington,将对风力发电进行补贴,这将带来充足的清洁能源,可满足360万户家庭的用电需求,创造数千个新能源行业的就业岗位。补贴资金将由消费者通过能源费的方式提供。

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