每日新闻更新-德拉吉关于通胀的警告 The Daily Update – Draghi inflation warning

昨天,欧洲央行行长马里奥·德拉吉(Mario Draghi)表示,他认为欧元区经济的萧条程度可能比先前预测的严重,在短期到中期内可能延迟通胀的出现。德拉吉认为价格和通胀最终会上升,因为拉低通胀的因素开始减弱,但欧元区的货币政策仍需要耐心和持续性,这才有助于将通胀提升至目标水平。他警告说:“考虑到经济衰退衡量措施的不确定性,真正的程度可能比预测的更严重,这可能减缓价格压力的出现,这在劳动力市场尤其明显。”

按照目前情况来看,欧洲央行三年前启动的资产购买计划已经买入超过3万亿美元的金融资产和政府债券。今年年初,欧洲央行将月购买量从600亿美元减少至300亿美元,但声明购买计划将至少持续到九月份,如有必要将延长。

另外,德拉吉告诉议员他认为欧盟应把英国退欧作为压过中央清算所(CPP)的一个因素。他警告称,如果金融企业遇到流动性压力,欧洲央行将被迫支持重压之下的CPP,这将对货币政策形成冲击效应。“如果英国没有达成一个合适的协议就离开欧盟,那么清算了巨额欧元业务的多家CPP将在欧盟规则及其保障措施之外行运营。”德拉吉警告称,如果真是这样,那么在危机情况下,清算活动的破坏力将对我们执行货币政策产生巨大的消极影响。

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