每日新闻更新-钢材和枪支 The Daily Update – Steel and guns

据昨天新闻报道,美国最大的体育用品零售商Dick’s Sporting Goods Inc.停止销售突击步枪,并停止向21岁以下的人销售枪支,同时不再销售高容量弹夹。迟到总比不来强。

美国总统特朗普即将对从所有国家进口的钢材和铝材分别施加25%和10%的关税。施加关税的法律依据是1962年贸易扩张法案第232款。

该法案从未出于美国国家安全的原因而作为对进口金属施加关税的依据。该法案没有对“国家安全”进行定义,但本案例认为,钢铁产业衰弱将降低制造武器(例如坦克)的能力——如果发生军事危机。有些牵强,但这就是法律。上一次在法案中涉及钢铁还是在2001年,当时商务部审查了铁矿石和半成品钢材,最终得出结论认为进口不会威胁国家安全,但当时他们不需要应对特朗普先生。

当然,任何行动都可能受到全球最大的钢材和铝材生产商中国的抵制。有消息称中国正计划进口美国大豆。当然,这可能为特朗普在美国一些农业大州造成一些政治难题,今年11月将进行中期选举。

然而,从2004年起中国出口到美国的钢材量已下跌了72%,2016年中国是美国的第11大钢材出口国。同期从越南的进口量增长了六倍,三分之一的进口钢材来自加拿大和巴西。因此关税政策可能对中国的影响不大。

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