每日新闻更新-特朗普对欧洲汽车制造商的威胁 The Daily Update – Trump’s threat to EU car makers

自由世界的领导人美国总统在上周宣布对进口钢材和铝材施加重关税,本周唐纳特·特朗普关于贸易关税的咄咄逼人的言论再度升温,威胁欧盟要对进口汽车施加关税。之前,欧盟委员会主席容科曾表示,在关税问题上欧盟不会采取鸵鸟政策,将对典型的美国产品,例如Levi牛仔裤、波旁威士忌酒和哈雷摩托车,征收关税。在这之后才有了特朗普的关税威胁。

跟往常一样,特朗普利用社交媒体来威胁欧洲汽车业,他发推称:“如果欧盟想对在欧洲有业务的美国公司增加他们目前已经很高关税和壁垒,那么我们只能对自由涌入美国的欧洲汽车加税。他们让我们的汽车(以及其他产品)很难在欧洲销售。巨大的贸易不平衡!”又紧接着发了一条:“我们的工作和财富正在拱手送给一直在利用我们的国家。他们嘲笑我们的领导人都是些笨蛋。再也不会了!”

数据显示,去年欧盟生产了价值超过1700亿英镑的汽车用于出口,出口到美国的就占到其中的25%。而这些出口到美国的汽车中,约50%来自德国汽车生产商。

毫不意外,汽车制造商立即回应了对进口欧洲汽车施加关税的这一威胁,表示他们直接和间接地雇佣了成千上万的美国工人,因为在美国畅销的欧洲汽车也在美国生产。

在该威胁发出后没多久,荣科告诉德国媒体,“这完全没有道理,但原因在于一种情绪在全世界不均衡地传播”。

虽然目前全球经济增长强劲,甚至高于长期可持续增长率,但随着提高贸易关税的可能性越来越大以及同新兴经济体的贸易增加,可能会危及经济增长红利的逆转。另外,发达国家正在迅速老龄化,未来前景黯淡,尽管目前全球都很乐观。贸易关税可能拉高通胀,这更应该视为对经济增长施加的税收。

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