每日新闻更新-刘鹤有好主意 The Daily Update – Uncle He has some good ideas

昨天,刘鹤当选国家副总理,他在中国扮演了相当于美联储主席鲍威尔、美国财长努钦以及总统经济顾问科恩/库德洛等多角色责任,现在又多了一项重要职责。刘鹤被认为非常适合这一职位,此次升职应能帮助他推行政策治理中国这一充满发展活力但负债严重的不确定经济体。

多年来,刘鹤一直对中国经济发展有所贡献:在作为中共党员四十多年的时间里,他先后担任过多种高级职位,在中国三十多年的经济研究期间发表了上百篇文章。大部分人认为他的观点主张很谨慎。刘鹤经历过文化大革命,在哈佛大学接受国教育,因发表过多篇论文而广为人知(其中包括《两次全球大危机的比较研究》),他也直言改革的必要性。

自从2013年以来,刘鹤一直发挥着重要作用。他是中央财经领导小组办公室主任,是中国经济政策与改革的主要架构师之一,习近平评价刘鹤是对他很重要的人。去年刘鹤成为中共中央政治局委员,并作为中国发言人参加达沃斯世界经济论坛,在论坛上他大力宣传中国为解决经济风险、贫困和污染所做的努力。他被西方视为可以合作的人(其中一个例子就是在刘鹤访美期间,表示愿意继续展开贸易谈判,哪怕特朗普对钢材和铝材收取关税)。

2016年5月,《人民日报》发表了一篇由权威人士撰写的有影响力的文章,该文章认为应警惕依靠债务推动的经济发展。据认为其作者就是刘鹤。香港大学教授夏春表示:“刘鹤对经济的评论很准确,有建设性。他从来不回避中国经济的问题和困难。”

鉴于刘鹤广泛的权利、备受尊重的地位、对贸易战的反对、对债务的担忧以及对市场力量的尊重,他升任副总理应有助于把中国经济引向正确的方向。但要进行如此浩大的工程变革将是循序渐进、逐步推行的过程。最近刘鹤发表言论称:“我们都知道,如果要用水桶打更多的水,就必须加长短板。”当下,债务负担、僵尸国企以及同美国的贸易谈判是需要解决的三大短板。我们希望他能顺利完成自己所说的“超越国际社会预期”的改革。

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