每日新闻更新 —国际货币基金组织的会议/朝鲜使命的完成 The Daily Update – IMF meeting / North Korea completes its mission

周五,央行的官员们和财长们齐聚华盛顿参加了国际货币基金组织(IMF)的春季会议。在会上法国财政部长布鲁诺·勒梅尔 (Bruno Le Maire)毫不留情地说,美国与中国的贸易争吵是‘徒劳无益的’的。勒梅尔继续说道:“我们面临着贸易战的风险。我们面临着多边秩序崩溃的风险,这对任何人都没有好处,对于世界经济和增长绝对没有任何好处。这并不是说勒梅尔相信中国在这次贸易争端中是100%无辜的一方,而是相信中国必须遵守并尊重国际贸易规则。然而,他认为,随着中国日益成为全球贸易的重要组成部分,国际货币基金组织应该‘重新定义与中国的国际贸易,而不是跟中国过不去’。

当然,这不是美国政府的看法,他们认为美国的技术和知识产权被中国剽窃才是目前关税(纠纷)的关键。美国财政部长史蒂芬·努钦(Steven Mnuchin)认为:‘我们坚信,不公平的全球贸易行为阻碍了美国和全球经济更快的增长,是对全球经济的持续拖累’;他还辩驳说,国际货币基金组织应该发出一个强有力的声音,推动‘对贸易和非关税壁垒的拆除以及对知识产权的保护'。

然而,在(正在考虑的)突破选项中,美国和中国昨天都发出了对贸易争端进行谈判的积极信号。努钦表示,他可能会前往中国,对与北京达成协议的机会‘持谨慎乐观态度’,尽管目前尚不清楚具体的访问时间。中国商务部答复说,他们欢迎可能举行的谈判,并在网站上发表声明说:“中方已收到美方希望前来北京讨论经贸问题的消息。中方欢迎这一举措’。

此外,就在周末的时候,朝鲜宣布,‘在完成了发展核武器的目标”之后正在停止所有的核试验。周六(有媒体)援引朝鲜领导人金正恩的话说,‘在完备的核武器已经得到证明的条件下,我们已经不再需要任何核试验,无论是中程的还是洲际的弹道导弹的试验,而且北方地区的核试验场也完成了它的使命'。

这一结束试验的消息出现在和韩国总统文在寅(Moon Jae-in)和金正恩会见前一周的时间,而且这次见面被认为是计划在5月下旬或6月初举行的唐纳德·特朗普与金正恩会谈的前奏。特朗普似乎对这个想法非常感兴趣,他在推特上写道:‘这对于朝鲜和世界来说都是个好消息 - 这是一个重大的进展。希望我们的峰会赶快到来’。

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