每日新闻更新 — 祝欧洲中央银行生日快乐 The Daily Update – ECB Happy birthday

时间过得真快,明天就是欧洲央行(European Central Bank)成立20周年纪念日,最近在马里奥·德拉吉(Mario Draghi)行长的辖区 — 他的家乡意大利 — 发生的金融恐慌眼下看上去已经平静了下来。事实上,就在撰稿时,昨天开始的10年期意大利政府债券的涨势今天再增加2.5点。自5月15日以来,基准价格在1.94%至3.13%之间波动,目前交易价格为2.65%,对于有关债券交易商来说这一周可是不平凡的一周。

再回到欧洲央行的话题:欧洲央行成立于1998年6月1日,就在欧元发布前的七个月,当时的组建机构是欧洲货币研究所(European Monetary Institute),位于法兰克福市中心的一座租用的塔楼上。到现在,该银行对最初的11个直到增加后的19个欧元区国家的银行进行着监管,办公地点位于法兰克福市中心新建的价值为13亿欧元的总部大楼。凭借着日益增长的将欧元的多次危机化险为夷并使用许多新的工具这种能力,该银行在马里奥·德拉吉的领导下获得了相当的声誉。

做这份工作绝非易事,欧洲央行副行长维托尔·康斯坦西 Vitor Constancio 这样总结这份工作 —“欧洲货币联盟(European Monetary Union)从一开始就是一种超自信的努力,从历史角度来看,它充满了前所未有的雄心壮志。最初的极简主义设计理念并没有公平地应对该项目的广泛影响。就连它的框架到现在都没有完成,(不过)目前仍然存在着是否能生存下去的威胁。”

所以虽说是祝福欧洲央行20周年生日快乐,但用中央银行级别的话来说,现在它只是一个胚胎而已。瑞典央行是世界上最古老的央行,今年已经350岁了;不存在你在过去洋洋得意地说我记不得(它)开张的那一天了(!);我们自己的英国央行也已经324岁了,而有史以来最强大的(美国的)联邦储备银行才刚刚105岁,(相比之下)简直就是一个蹒跚学步的孩子。

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