每日新闻更新 — 北美自由贸易协定和 AMLO 的信件 The Daily Update – NAFTA and AMLO's letter

安德烈斯·曼努埃尔·洛佩斯·奥夫拉多尔(AMLO)直到12月份才能正式宣布成为墨西哥的下届总统,但此时已经着手于在北美自由贸易协定等问题上发挥积极作用。自7月1日总统大选获胜以来,他就给特朗普写信,主张美国和墨西哥在“贸易、移民、发展和安全”等关键问题上共同努力。AMLO 认为“值得努力完成”北美自由贸易协定的“重新谈判”。

特朗普7月18日表示,“我们跟墨西哥方面以及赢得了压倒性的胜利的墨西哥新任总统进行了非常好的会谈,而且我们在贸易协议方面谈得非常好,”所以,“让我们看一看接下来的进展。我们可以单独与墨西哥达成协议,我们跟加拿大的谈判稍后再进行。但我们目前和墨西哥的谈判进行得非常好。”AMLO 明确表示,他希望与美国建立建设性关系,他的过渡团队将参加今天在华盛顿恢复的北美自由贸易协定的谈判。

在移民问题上,AMLO 似乎要采取一种略微不同的策略“以确保墨西哥人不必因贫困或暴力而迁徙。我们将通过努力使得移民成为一种可选,而不是必须。我们将努力确保人们在他们的家庭、习俗和文化所在的自己出生的地方找到工作和福祉。为实现这一重要目的,即将上任的政府将在墨西哥进行有史以来最大的努力。”为了帮助实现这一目标,AMLO 呼吁建立包括中美洲国家在内的发展基金,以帮助解决移民的原因并对边境管制予以改善。

唐纳德·特朗普在回应这封信的时候敦促迅速重启北美自由贸易协定的谈判,并表示:“跟您的观点一样,我也认为应对非法移民的挑战不仅仅涉及到强有力的边境安全。我们已经做好了准备,希望进一步解决导致来自中美洲移民迁徙的经济发展问题和安全问题,但我们也必须加强合作,以保护两个国家的法治和主权。”

虽然可能需要一点谨慎,但是墨西哥与美国的建设性对话对投资者的情绪是有利的,特别是在昨天美国与欧盟达成协议之后;根据该协议,美国和欧盟将共同努力实现零关税,零非关税壁垒以及对非汽车工业品的零补贴。墨西哥比索兑美元汇率表现良好,自6月底以来上涨了6.6%。

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