每日新闻更新 — 中国削减存款准备金/铁矿石贸易 The Daily Update – China cuts RRR / Iron ore trade

在对缓解经济突然放缓所带来的风险的期待中,周五中国再次下调银行存款准备金率100个基点。该举措虽然是中国人民银行在2019年的第一次,但为了应对增长放缓以及越来越大的就关税问题来自美国的压力,中国人民银行在2018年的时候已经将存款准备金率下调了4次。目前,大型银行的存款准备金率为14.5%,小型银行的存款准备金率为12.5%。根据中国人民银行的规定,降低该比率将分两个阶段进行;第一阶段是1月15日,第二阶段是10天之后,两个阶段都将分别以两个相等的额度进行。中国人民银行认为,此次降准将为金融体系注入超过1160亿美元的资金,并确保在春节假期到来之前为市场提供充足的现金供应。

除中国人民银行削减存款准备金率之外,李克强总理还宣布,中国将减税降费,支持小型私营公司。李总理说,“保持就业稳定依赖于众多小型和微型企业,其发展需要包容性融资(一个充满希望和有益的事业)的支持”。他还希望规模较大的国有银行率先为小微私营企业提供周到的服务,建立包容性融资品牌,增强市场活力和企业部门的信心。李总理希望中国保持稳健、平衡的货币政策 —“既不要太紧也不要太松”,同时保持良好的市场流动性以增强经济并改善全面监管以预测金融风险。

看起来今年第一批交易的第一宗似乎已经开始:一路上涨的铁矿石。此前,唐纳德特朗普表示,在要求在美国和墨西哥之间建立隔离墙的问题上他的决心是不会动摇的;鉴于民主党人拒绝资助这个项目,他很有可能要跟民主党人进行妥协;他说,这堵隔离墙有可能用钢铁来建造而不是混凝土。美国正处于部分政府关闭的第三周。这已经导致成千上万名政府工作人员领不到工资(特朗普把这些人无法支付账单一事归咎于政府的关门)。特朗普的推文说,“我们现在正计划一个钢铁结构的墙体而不是水泥结构的。这样做既牢固也不显得太扎眼。这是个很好的解决方案,而且还是美国制造。”

对于那些感兴趣的人来说,周五62%纯度的交易价格为每吨73美元以上,高于2018年的高点,比11月18日的低点上涨了将近18%。

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