每日新闻更新 — 世界贸易组织的调查 The Daily Update – WTO Investigation

据报道,世界贸易组织(WTO)即将针对唐纳德·特朗普过去几个月对2500亿美元的中国商品征收关税一事开始展开调查。针对美国对中国的商品征收关税一事,世贸组织将启动调查,因为该组织怀疑这些关税不符合所有世贸组织成员相互之间应当给予相同关税待遇的要求。

这次要求世贸组织对关税一事进行调查的国家是中国。这是中国第二次提出这种要求。第一次请求是上个月,结果被美国给否决了。然而,由于世贸组织不允许成员国第二次阻止对某一争议的调查,因此这次调查有可能会展开。对于世贸组织来说,因为不公平贸易行为针对特朗普政府提出投诉好像已经不是什么新的消息。到目前为止,针对美国现政府提出的争议已有20多起。正如世界贸易组织总干事罗伯托·阿泽维(Roberto Azevedo)多所说,“这些贸易紧张局势不仅是对该体系的威胁,对于整个国际社会也构成了威胁”;他后来又说,“这些风险是非常真实的,并且会对经济产生影响”。

世界贸易组织将对世界两大经济体进行调查的时间有点敏感。原定的下一轮贸易谈判就要在1月30日开始了。如果到3月1日的时候还达不成协议的话,特朗普政府早已威胁要将2000亿美元中国商品的关税税率从10%提高到25%。

然而,似乎所有的牌都握在美国的手里。从目前的情况来看,世界贸易组织的法官人数太少,无法在年底前对案件作出裁决。美国已经暂停对新的受理上诉的法官的提名,因为他们认为世界贸易组织已经失去了功能,未能让中国未按照2001年北京加入世贸组织时所设想的那样开放经济而承担责任。特朗普政府对世贸组织上诉机构处理法律纠纷的方法感到不满。对此,去年的晚些时候,美国驻世贸组织的大使丹尼斯·谢伊(Dennis Shea)代表美国政府提出了这一投诉。虽然在某些地方他们的抗议确实得到了一些同情,但总的来说,阻止新任命的想法遭到了大面积的反对,因为这样做有可能瘫痪掉国际法的一个监护机构。

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