每日新闻更新 — 零售价格指数和消费者价格指数:“这是一桩丑闻” The Daily Update – RPI and CPI 'It's a Scandal'

这一周开始得非常安静,我们英国这边,学校放假,在美国那边,人们一觉醒来发现他们也度过了一个总统日长周末。

然而,彭博社的编辑团队此时发表了一篇很好的文章,讨论了有关下列事宜的“丑闻”:即利用零售物价指数(RPI)来增加铁路票价和学生贷款等项目,同时使用消费者物价指数(CPI)用于福利、退休金等项目的计算。

这桩“丑闻”的根本在于,零售物价指数得出的比率要高于使用消费者物价指数得出的比率,当远在2010年对零售物价指数的计算方法进行更改时,这两项指标的差异从每年的0.5%扩大至约0.8%。从本质上讲,这相当于跟英国通货膨胀相关的金边投资者已经从中获益,而通勤一族和学生则反受其害。

据估计,这相当于每年向债券投资者放弃了大约10亿英镑的税收,因为政府的融资成本高于采用消费者物价指数作为支出的计算方法,而且其中一些金边债券直到2068年度才会到期。

历届政府都在利用这种对他们有利的、被称为“指数购物”的方法,这是多年来人们有目共睹的。文章指出,各种评论都认为这种做法是站不住脚的,只有在上周,两个议会的议员才将这种情况描述为“非常不公平”和“荒谬的旋转木马”。

问题在于对此并没有一个简单的解决方案,英国统计局也宣布他们认为零售物价指数的算法“不是衡量通货膨胀的一个好方法”,但鉴于在很多实例中该方法已有法律上的强制性,以及在合同中、在许多养老金计划中,想解除这种情况的代价几乎比登天还难,这种事情当然也不是一时半会能解决得了的。

您可能觉得,某个人会在某个地方研究一下零售物价指数的计算方法,然后对其进行调整以使其更具有代表性,但其实不会的,还是让我们一边“索引购物”一边继续辩论吧,对于现任政府来说,它不失为一件很不错的小工具。

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