每日新闻更新 — 希腊的债务减免 The Daily Update – Greece Debt Relief

本周早些时候,欧盟宣布它正在暂缓执行对希腊债务减免的下一阶段,因为该国政府迄今未能全面实施它在去年8月结束的巨额救助中所承诺的改革。作为债务减免计划的一部分,希腊将获得大约10亿欧元,但据欧盟称,希腊政府迄今尚未完成关于新的住房破产的规定 — 这些规定旨在防止家庭受到丧失对其房屋进行赎回的权利的威胁。欧盟经济事务专员皮埃尔•莫斯科维奇(Pierre Moscovici)表示,今天就正式决定这笔支付还为时尚早,并补充说“发给市场的信号是决定性的,今天欧洲集团的信息将是而且必须是积极的”。欧盟似乎想低调解读这番公开的言论,不想撕开欧元区债务危机的旧伤。

根据去年与欧盟达成的债务减免计划,希腊将获得欧元区中央银行从其希腊债券投资组合中获取的利润以及因放弃部分欧元区贷款的递增利率所带来的收入。但是,只有希腊履行所有承诺的改革而没有反悔,这笔资金才能获得。据欧盟称,到目前为止,这个地中海国家已经完成了承诺的16项改革中的13项。“如果所有的改革承诺都得到兑现,欧洲集团将在4月份考虑实施进一步的债务减免措施,”欧元区财长会议主席马里奥·森特诺(Mario Centeno)在新闻发布会上表示,“目前还有几点细节需要落实。目前需要解决但尚未解决的问题主要是对主要住宅予以保护的潜在的新计划”。

这一消息发布于希腊近10年来首次发行的10年债券的几天之后。这次发行的25亿欧元的收益率定为3.9%,票面利率为3.875%,订购总额接近120亿欧元。虽然这是一段时期以来希腊发行的第一笔10年期债务,但它在1月份确实筹集了25亿欧元的5年期债务,并计划今年总共筹集70亿欧元。在穆迪于3月初将其主权信用评级上调2个等级后,希腊有信心在债务市场中小试身手。穆迪将希腊从B3提升至B1(仍然低于投资级别4个级别),前景稳定,并指出“在改革中付出的努力正慢慢地开始转换为经济成果”,并补充说“虽然前进的步伐有时会停止,并伴有目标的推迟或未能实现,但是改革的势头似乎越来越根深蒂固,进一步发展的前景是良好的,逆转的风险也较低”。

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