每日新闻更新 — 耐心的鲍威尔 The Daily Update - Patient Powell

周日晚哥伦比亚广播公司(CBS)播出了其《60分钟》栏目对美联储主席杰罗姆·鲍威尔(Jerome Powell)的采访。他在采访中指出,不要期望美联储近期很快会有更多的加息。经常遭到特朗普批评的鲍威尔接着说,他不能被自由世界的领导人解雇,而且打算做满四年的任期。鲍威尔认为,“通货膨胀已经趋缓,我们认为我们的政策利率恰到好处”;他又表示,“(我说的)有耐心意味着我们不急于改变我们的利率政策”;他又说目前的利率基本上已处于中性。他继续说,“虽说我们看到经济发展略有放缓,但今年美国经济仍处于健康的水平”,他认为,“美国的经济没有理由不能继续扩张”。

当鲍威尔被问及在何种情况下美联储才会提高利率时,他回答说,他们正在观察通货膨胀、就业机会、工资和经济增长的情况,同时也密切关注着正在发生的国际事件。“我们将把所有这些信息集中在一起,然后判断出何时适合改变我们的政策”;他警告说,“在过去的大约90天的时间里,我们看到越来越多的证据显示全球经济放缓,在对我们的利率政策做出任何改变之前,我们将继续等待并观察这些情况的发展态势”。

鲍威尔被问及美联储决定暂停加息是否是出于来自白宫的压力。他说,“我们永远不会有任何政治方面的考量”。当又被问到特朗普对他的直接批评,特别是特朗普觉得他是“一个喜欢提高利率的绅士”,以及他是否会失去这份工作的时候,他用外交家的辞令回答说,“我不便对总统妄加评论”,但坚持认为,“法律明确规定我有四年的任期。我衷心期望做满这届任期”。

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