每日新闻更新 — 特朗普对德国发出威胁 The Daily Update - Trump threatens Germany

特朗普总统威胁德国要对“北溪-2”(Nord Stream 2)项目实施制裁。拟议的这个项目是一条穿过波罗的海把天然气输送到德国的天然气管道,长达1225公里;该项目可将现有的“北溪”(Nord Stream)管道的容量增加一倍,但这个想法也使欧盟产生意见分歧。

德国的能源生产能力非常有限。它对天然气的需求的92%和对石油需求的98%都靠进口。因此,德国需要想方设法确保稳定的天然气供应。随着德国脱离核能和煤炭发电,天然气必须弥补这一缺口,尤其是在制造业。

然而,德国从俄罗斯进口天然气的举措引起了人们的关注。许多人认为德国过分依赖于他们认为是一种敌对势力的资源是有风险的。这可能使德国更容易受到被切断供应的威胁。除此之外,东欧、波罗的海和北欧地区的国家也相信拟议的管道将增加俄罗斯对欧洲经济的控制。除此之外,“北溪-2”有不少争议,因为出于地缘政治原因,俄罗斯似乎正在绕过乌克兰输出能源。这两个北溪项目都是沿着波罗的海海岸在近海处铺设的,并绕过了乌克兰。目前,俄罗斯对欧洲供应的大约40%的天然气要经过乌克兰。 

特朗普上周告诉记者,“我们在保护德国免受俄罗斯的侵害,而俄罗斯却在从德国获得巨额利益”;他还说,“如果有朝一日发生不测,“北溪-2”将使德国成为俄罗斯的人质”。他甚至威胁要将美国军队撤出德国并迁往波兰。

这些威胁可能是由于美国天然气生产商将欧洲视为主要出口市场的缘故。上周,波兰石油天然气公司(PGNiG)和美国的全球风投液化天然气公司(Venture Global)签署了一项从2023年起每年供应150万吨液化天然气的协议,使波兰公司的计划采购总量达到每年350万公吨,价值大约80亿美元。目前波兰大部分天然气是从俄罗斯进口的,但该合同将于2022年结束。

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