每日新闻更新 — 阿联酋把太阳能发电做大了 The Daily Update – The UAE Goes Large

上周,阿拉伯联合酋长国启用了世界上最大的单一太阳能发电场,1.18吉瓦的Noor Abu Dhabi。这个有320万块组成的太阳能光伏电池板发电场耗资近9亿美元,占地8平方公里,是阿布扎比政府与日本丸红公司和中国晶科能源控股有限公司联手合作的结晶。相比之下,美国最大的太阳能项目(位于加利福尼亚州罗莎蒙德的太阳能之星发电场,占地13平方公里)使用的太阳能光伏电池板只有170万块,可产生的电力也只有579兆瓦。

这座新设施将为9万人提供电力,抵消高达100万公吨的(二氧化碳)排放量,这相当于从道路上撤走了20万辆汽车。不过阿联酋并没有打算就此止步。阿布扎比气候变化与环境部长今年早些时候宣布,计划再建设一个容量为2吉瓦的更大的太阳能项目。

这座新电厂的发电是“阿联酋2050年能源战略”发展的一个重要的里程碑。该项目始于2017年,旨在到2050年将清洁能源在总能源组合中的比例提高到50%,同时将发电的碳足迹减少70%。

然而,如果沙特阿拉伯介入这个领域的话,即使阿联酋的第二家太阳能发电场加入电网,也难以成为世界上最大的太阳能发电场。今年早些时候,沙特阿拉伯政府宣布计划在麦加附近建造一个巨大的2.6吉瓦的太阳能发电场项目。随着该地区人口和对能源需求的不断增加,阿法沙利(Al Faisaliah)太阳能项目将在用电高峰期为该国西部地区和阿法沙利市的电网注入清洁电力。

不过,太阳能并不是许多中东国家正在关注的唯一可再生能源。很多人可能都没有想到,海湾合作委员会的一些国家(特别是科威特、阿曼和沙特阿拉伯)也拥有优秀的风力资源。技术方面的不断进步,包括更高的涡轮塔和更长的叶片,继续使风力发电场在风速较低但更可靠的地区具有经济可行性。沙特阿拉伯似乎正在这方面起到带头作用。据报道,这个阿拉伯国家将在2019年至2028年间新增风电装机容量6.2吉瓦,占该地区增加总容量的将近50%。

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