每日新闻更新 — 日本和韩国的口水战升级 The Daily Update – The Japan / South Korea Spat Escalates

本周早些时候,韩国宣布计划在未来七年内投资约65亿美元用于研发自己的零部件、设备和材料,以减少对进口日本产品的依赖。此举是在日益恶化的两国之间的外交争端导致消费者抵制对方产品的背景下发生的。韩国7月份对日本品牌的汽车销售额下降了32%。这两个原本是朋友的国家因为第二次世界大战之前和期间在日本占领朝鲜半岛期间因日本人强迫韩国人做苦工的历史恩怨发生了争吵,目前的关系越来越紧张。

日本周五决定将韩国从其快速出口地位的“白名单”中撤下,此后韩国决定将投入更多资金用于研发。之前,日本已经加强了对用于制造芯片的材料的出口控制,现在又决定将韩国从出口白名单中删除,而该材料恰好是日本对韩国的最大出口产品,该限制最终威胁到全球半导体的供应。该计划是让韩国为了达到自给自足而提高生产大约100种关键材料、设备和部件的能力,最终目标是在未来5年内稳定这些产品的供应。这不仅有助于稳定(国际市场)对半导体的出口需求,而且也有助于对所有产品的出口需求,从显示屏到电池,再到汽车。在韩国政府的一份声明中,该计划提出了“克服韩国在材料、零部件和设备领域这一结构性弱点”的目标,而目前该国很大程度上依赖于某一个别国家。

此外,韩国似乎还在酝酿更加雄心勃勃的计划。韩国总统文在寅(Moon Jae-in)认为,通过与朝鲜的合作,韩国可以在经济上超越日本。文在寅在一次与高级助手的会谈中告诉他们,韩国需要有“更广阔的视野和非凡的决心”。文在寅的理念是,在减轻制裁和无核化的基础上,朝韩之间一种“和平驱动型经济”合作将为双方带来巨大利益。

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