每日新闻更新 — 美国财政部的指责 The Daily Update – The U.S. Treasury Department Points The Finger

美国总统曾多次有所掩饰地威胁要把中国确定为货币操纵国,昨天,美国财政部终于做出了这项决定,自从90年代中期克林顿时代以来,总统做这样的事情尚属首例。在持续的震动了全球市场的贸易纠纷的背景下,美国的这一行动是在中国央行允许人民币对美元汇率在一夜之间跌至7.14之后发生的。在一次新闻发布会上,美国财政部表示,在特朗普总统的支持下,努钦(Mnuchin)部长今天已经把中国确定为一个货币操纵国家,“鉴于这一决定,努钦部长将与国际货币基金组织合作,以消除中国最近的行动造成的不公平的竞争优势”。

这份声明继续说,“尽管中国持有大量的外汇储备并在过去主动使用过此类工具,但是最近几天,采取了具体步骤让人民币贬值”,“这些行动的背景和中国的市场稳定理论的不可信任的特点表明,中国的货币贬值的目的在于在国际贸易中获得不公平的竞争优势”。

在该声明发表之前的几个小时,特朗普就已经很自然地在社交媒体上再次把自己的想法告诉了全世界。他发推文说,“中国将其货币价格降低到了历史的最低点。这种做法被称为‘货币操纵’。你在听吗,美联储?这是一个严重的违规行为,随着时间的推移这样的做法将大大削弱中国(自己)!”他接着说,“通过采取不公平的贸易行为和货币操纵,中国有意继续从美国获得数千亿美元。这种(获益)是一边倒的,很多年前就应该停止了......(他们)用货币操纵来盗窃我们的生意和工厂,伤害我们的工作,压低我们工人的工资,而且还损害了我们农民的价格。以后就别再想这样做了!”。

我们不要忘记,特朗普在竞选总统时的承诺之一是,除了将进口关税提高至45%之外,还要将中国列为汇率操纵国。  

中国在政府官方报纸《人民日报》的一篇社论中对这些指控进行了毫不留情的回击。这篇社论指责美国“故意破坏国际秩序”,并声称“大国的责任就是要为世界提供稳定性和确定性,同时为所有国家的共同发展创造条件和机会”,然而“美国的一些人的所作所为却恰恰相反”。

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