每日新闻更新 — 中国的出口/沙特阿拉伯的新能源部长

中国的出口在上个月更加糟糕,货运量的下降速度再次快于预期,又一次表现出正在进行的贸易战的影响以及全球经济的放缓。中国的总体出口较上年同期下降了1%,为6月份以来最大幅度的下降,而此前分析师的预期为增加2.2%。到目前为止,最大的跌幅是对美国的出口,同比下降了16%,而7月份的跌幅为6.5%。中国从美国的进口下降了近22.5%。

为了抵消经济放缓带来的影响,中国人民银行周五宣布将降低所有商业银行的存款准备金率(RRR),据报道,该举措可以释放大约9千亿元人民币(折合1260亿美元)的资金,从而增加了银行的贷款能力。这是自2018年初以来的第七次降准。这次降准将从9月中旬开始生效。除了降低商业银行的存款准备金率外,中国人民银行还还将在中国省份运营的城市商业银行降准100个基点,从10月中旬起生效。

另外,在周末的时候,沙特阿拉伯的能源部长哈立德·法利赫(Khalid Al-Falih)被解职,由国王的儿子阿卜杜勒阿齐兹·本·萨勒曼(Abdulaziz bin Salman)取代,这是执政的沙特家族成员首次在世界上首要的石油出口国家担任能源部长的职位。虽然阿卜杜勒阿齐兹王子是沙特阿拉伯石油输出国组织代表团的长期成员,但估计他不会很快就改变该国的石油政策。这是因为他帮助完成了欧佩克与非欧佩克国家之间现有的协议,该协议的目的是为了削减全球的原油供应以支持价格和平衡市场。有趣的是,自1960年以来,沙特阿拉伯只有过5名石油部长,但就像上边谈到的那样,他们中没有一位是皇室成员。

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