USD 10-year Treasuries rallied 15 basis points to 2.44% last week following rekindled growth concerns and the Fed’s further back-pedalling on last December’s rate hike. On Friday, a sharp -1.9% fall in the S&P 500 more than unwound earlier gains to close the week down -0.8%. Adding to the unsettledness was the media-attention-grabbing inversion of the US Treasury yield curve between the 3-month and 10-year marks, which has historically had a strong correlation with a coming recession (leading from a few months to a few years).
Both stocks and bonds were on the front foot last week after US core inflation data came in up just 0.1% month-on-month, further relieving any lingering fears of immediate runaway inflation. The year-on-year core figure came in at 2.1% (0.1% below expectations and the previous month’s reading) while real average hourly earnings were up 1.9% yoy. The S&P 500 ended the week up 2.9% while US 10-year Treasury yields rallied 4 basis points to 2.59% - pushing below 2.6% for the second time this year (after flirting with such low yields for a day early in January) but this time falling yields come even as USD 24bln in supply was swallowed up by a bond hungry market.
Risk-off assets including higher-grade bonds were favoured last week as US 10-year Treasury yields fell 13 basis points to 2.63% while US equities lost momentum: with the S&P 500 falling -2.2% after almost ten straight weeks of gains this year (with one -0.2% week in January). While the US Fed was busy receiving another string of criticism from President Trump the ECB was busy issuing some dovish guidance and detailing new TLTROs for September providing a boost to Italian debt markets. Broader negative sentiment could not be avoided with numerous downward revisions to global growth forecasts in addition to weak data from US manufacturing ISM and the Fed’s Beige Book release detailing the economic drag from the government shutdown.
Last week global markets began with equities on the front foot with further announcements that a detailed trade deal between the US and China is near completion; the Chinese CSI 300 was up +6% on Monday alone and rallied further to close out the week. Other global equities were also positive performers with the S&P 500 up +0.4% making the ninth week out of the ten this year to yield a positive return. In addition to the positive statements over a potential trade deal, Fed chair Powell reiterated the FOMC’s willingness to be patient before any further rate hikes, and data last week (including US GDP and China PMI) exceeded their (meagre) expectations. US 10-year Treasury yields rose 10 basis points to 2.75% - remaining within the 2.60-2.75% range they have traded on for most of 2019 thus far.
Another week of mixed data, another positive week for equities with the S&P 500 up 0.62% whilst US 10-year Treasury yields held around 2.65%. The week began with a cloud over EU growth prospects with Francois Villeroy de Galhau, an ECB Council member warning that the slowdown in the EU economy over the recent months has been ‘significant’, to the extent that if it becomes clear it’s not a temporary blip, the ECB will have to change its forward guidance.
Last week, the Dow Jones Industrial Average was again up a full +3.1% on indications Trump may allow some concessions and extensions on both the international trade talks and border wall funding disputes; the former would otherwise revert to higher tariffs on the 1st March. The latter avoided another federal government shutdown over the weekend: but only through the Republican Senate agreeing to fund around a quarter of the border wall expense and Trump declaring a national emergency to divert funding for the rest.
Last week we had a quiet start with a lot of Asia out due to the Chinese New Year. We started the week with warnings from Ignazio Visco, the Bank of Italy’s Governor, warning of the downside risks to the central bank’s forecast for economic growth after the nation slipped into a recession in the last quarter of 2018. The recession, Italy’s third in a decade comes as the bank’s latest growth projection of 0.6% GDP growth for 2019 and 1% for 2020 start to look optimistic, in spite of being in-line with national and international forecasters. Visco acknowledged ‘The prospects for the Italian economy are less favourable today than they were a year ago’ adding there are ‘significant risks on the downside’.
Despite last week being the busiest for corporate earnings – with 41% of S&P companies reporting fourth quarter results – it was again the Fed that moved global stock and bond markets the most. The S&P 500 resumed its rally, up a further +1.6%, whilst the Fed’s new dovish tone was also a boost to emerging markets with the MSCI EM Index up +1.7%. US Treasuries also rallied on the Fed announcement with 10-year yields falling 7 basis points. Passing month end on Thursday, the S&P was up +7.9% YTD making it the best performing January in three decades; this was despite flags over growth in China not only from official statistics like weak industrial profits but also from a number of corporate earnings misses (like Caterpillar’s latest) blaming “lower demand” from China as the main reason for the shortfall.
Last week, IMF global growth forecasts for 2019 were revised lower again with notable slowdowns in Germany, Italy and China. The underestimated challenges of reaching specifics on a trade agreement between US and China were highlighted by Wilbur Ross, US Trade Secretary, perhaps trying to dampen expectations ahead of the forthcoming US visit of Vice Premier Liu He. Resolving contrasting intellectual property attitudes, for example, continues to prove infinitely more difficult: in contrast to recent progress on simpler issues that have often come with overblown press statements.
Last week the US government shutdown and the UK’s Brexit fiasco continued to get messier but US stocks extended into their fourth week of gains with the S&P 500 closing the week at 2,671 up +2.9% and the Dow up +3% closing at 24,706; meanwhile, US 10-year Treasury yields rose 8 basis points to 2.785%. Much of this return to risk and into equities continued to be driven by signs of modest progress and media statements out of the US-China trade talks with more to come as Vice Premier Liu He flies to the US at the end of the month.
Last week global equities continued their 2019 gains making the three week rally one of the strongest starts to the year in over 30 years – mostly due of course to one of the worst ends to the year in the three weeks ending 2018; the S&P 500 was up a further +2.54% on the week pushing the bounce since Christmas Eve above +10%. Also, on the back of wide-reaching optimism on the Sino-US trade negotiations and the Fed’s increasingly cautious tone and promise to be patient with further hikes, the Chinese yuan had its strongest week since 2005 with both CNH and CNY appreciating over +1.5%.
This week China built upon recent efforts to curb the escalating protectionism by reducing customs duties (on cars) and increasing imports of commodities; Trump went so far as to temper his nationalist invective for a few days and refrain from further threats on China. Nevertheless, US equities continued downwards with the S&P 500 down a further -1.26% and closing the week below 2,600 for the first time since March. This pushed returns for the year into negative territory with the price index down -2.76% for 2018. Now down 340 points since a peak in September the S&P 500 would still need to fall a further 250 points to around 2,350 to enter technical bearish territory (like the German DAX: which breached the -20% level earlier this month thanks in part to Deutsche Bank). The poor recent performance in Europe was further accompanied by a weaker growth outlook for 2019: with the ECB this week cutting forecasts for the Eurozone from 1.7% to just 1.5%.
Markets opened the week with news that China and the US had agreed to a trade war ceasefire over the weekend at the G20 meeting. But the boost in US equities lasted not even as long as the conference itself and fell back around recent lows; the S&P 500 has now tried three times, since the October equity cliff edge, to push meaningfully above the 2,800 and for a third time fell approximately -6% to around 2,630.
US Treasury yields fell 5 basis points last week, which was just enough to bring them below 3% to close out November. The November FOMC Minutes emphasised that ‘monetary policy was not on a ‘preset course’, it should be ‘guided by incoming data’ and that ‘a gradual approach’ remained appropriate. Another 25 basis point hike in the Fed Funds target range in December still looks extremely likely as ‘almost all participants expressed the view that another increase in the target range for the federal funds rate was likely to be warranted fairly soon’ assuming no drastic change in the job and inflation data.
US Treasury yields across the curve fell 1-2 basis points on the week with 10-years closing at 3.04%: ebbing back towards the 3% level for the third week in a row. The stable US Treasury markets contrasted widening spreads in emerging market and high yield debt by 14 basis points, referencing the JP Morgan EMBI+ and Bloomberg Barclays US Corp High Yield. Furthermore global equities endured another challenging week with the S&P 500 down a further -3.8%. After the painful -7% in October, the index seemed to bounce with optimism in the first half of November, but this has now been erased moving into the closing week of November.
Equities were on the back foot again last week with the S&P down -1.6% and the MSCI World down -1.5%. The US dollar also broadly declined with the DXY Index down 0.5%; but this didn’t stop sterling from weakening a further 1.1% versus the dollar as Theresa May’s Cabinet and support fell to pieces as she fought to push forward with the current negotiated deal with the EU. It seems the Cabinet agreed to the terms under duress and with the expectation it would get shot down in Parliament.
Following the October rout, US equities continued their bounce into a second week of >2% gains while US Treasuries also rose with 10-year yields falling 3 basis points to 3.18% and 30-year yields falling 7 basis points to 3.38%. European and Japanese equity markets were comparatively flat on the week while the Chinese CSI 300 and Hang Seng sold-off -3.7% and -3.3% respectively. The dollar strengthened towards the end of the week following the results of the US midterms with the DXY Index up 0.4%; also the Fed maintained rates as expected.
Last week US equities broadly retraced over half of the previous week’s losses with the S&P 500 closing up 2.4% at 2,723; US 10-year Treasury yields rose nearly 14 basis points to 3.21; but Emerging Markets were the most obvious winners with the MSCI EM Index up 6.1% on the week, breaking the run of five consecutive negative weeks’ of performance.
Last week began with results from elections in Brazil where far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro was voted in as the next Brazilian President securing 55.1% of the vote.
It was another volatile market for equities with the VIX jumping to 27.5, after having remained steadily around 13 for all of September. US Treasuries did what they were supposed to, 10-year yields rallying 12 basis points to 3.076%. Even with 3.5% Q3 GDP beating forecasts, US equities led on the downside. The S&P 500 fell 109 points to 2658 on the week and the MSCI World Index absorbed similar losses of -3.9%. By Friday morning the -4% fall in the S&P 500 brought the Index into correction territory: when downside exceeded -10% from highs on the 21st September.
Although quite volatile again, the S&P 500 ended last week unchanged from the week before at 2767, US 10-year Treasury yields closed the week at 3.19% (+3bps) and Italian 10-year bonds were slightly stronger by week-end but only after yields touched fresh highs of 3.8% earlier on Friday. The FOMC minutes showed some small changes in terms of overall stance. From a more hawkish tone a wording change from “accommodative” to “restrictive” and speaking of the possibility of raising interest rates above the anticipated “normalization” rate pushed-up average estimates for where the upper bound might be for short-medium-term interest rates.